Top 7 In-Demand Programming Languages That Will Rule 2021

In-Demand Programming Languages which are necessary to learn for coders.

Table Of Contents – In-Demand Programming Languages

Table of Content

In-Demand Programming Languages

Top Programming languages:- Programming languages are the only way to communicate with the system or computer. You can tell them any type of work to do with the help of languages. Computer programming languages are the basis of mobile applications, games, android. Coding and programming help in software development, app development, game development, developing operating systems, etc. The growing rate of coders is increasing more than ever before. If you are interested in programming then many questions come to mind such as  “Which language should I learn first?” – “What are various fields where it is used?” – “About job opportunities and salary expectations.” 

Here is the list of top programming languages of 2020 that you should learn. Choose among the below-given coding languages that you want to learn first and start your journey as a developer.

#1 – Python

Python language is a worldwide used general-purpose and high-level programming language. Python language was developed by Guido van Rossum in December 1989. 

Reasons to learn: In-Demand Programming Languages

  1. Open-sourced object-oriented language.
  2. Easy to learn for beginners and user-friendly.
  3. Code can be explained in fewer lines.
  4. It is a course platform language.
  5. It has a large standard library.

Fields where python is used: In-Demand Programming Languages

  1. Python is well-suited for scientific computing
  2. Python is the best language to learn artificial intelligence and machine learning.
  3. Mobile Applications like Instagram, Netflix, Spotify support python as a back-end language.
  4. GUI applications, websites, and web applications can be developed by using python.
  5. Python web frameworks like Django, Flask, Pyramid, Bottle, and Cherrypy are easy to learn and fast.

Average salary as a python developer:

  • $120,000 per annum in the US.
  • Rs 5.0 Lacs per annum in India

#2 – Java: In-Demand Programming Languages

Java is one of the most in-demand programming languages over the decades. Java is a fully object-oriented language. Java was first released in 1995 by  James Gosling.

Reasons to learn

  1. Due to widespread acceptance and the number of jobs it offers it is popular among coders.
  2. Java is an open-source language.
  3. It has strong memory management and provides top-notch security.
  4. It is a cross-platform language.
  5. Java provides high performance and has good community support.

Fields where it is used

  1. Java is most likely to be used in Android  Development.
  2. Java provides GUI development.
  3. SIM cards and blue-ray disk players use embedded Java technologies.
  4. Java is used in web application development. Popular desktop applications such as Gmail Eclipse is coded in Java.
  5. Java frameworks such as Spring, Hibernate, Struts are most widely accepted.

Annual Salary as Java developer

  • $115,000 per annum in the US.
  • Rs 4.5 Lacs per annum in India


#3 – Javascript: In-Demand Programming Languages

Javascript is known as the language of web developers. Javascript is a feature-rich object-oriented language. Javascript was developed in September 1995 by Brendan Eich.

Reasons to learn

  1. JavaScript is an object-based scripting language.
  2. JavaScript is an interpreter based scripting language
  3. JavaScript is an object-based language as it provides predefined objects.
  4. It is light weighted and case sensitive.
  5. It has good community support.

Fields where Javascript is used

  1. Google, Facebook, Gmail, and YouTube use Javascript to design interactive web pages.
  2. Used to design mobile applications.
  3. Javascript is used for Big Data & Cloud Development.
  4. Javascript Coders are always welcomed in the IT industry.
  5. Node, Polym are some Javascript frameworks that are easy to use. 

Annual Salary as Javascript developer

  • $112,000 per annum in the US.
  • Rs 3.8 Lacs per annum in India

4. C and C++: In-Demand Programming Languages

C++ is a general-purpose programming language. C language was designed by Dennis Ritchie in 1972 and C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979 as an extension of C.

Reasons to learn

  1. C++ is an object-oriented programming language.
  2. C/C++ has rich library support.
  3. C++ also supports pointers which are widely used in programming.
  4. It has high speed and is user-friendly.
  5. It has good community support.

Fields where it is used

  • 20% of the coding world uses C++ programming language.
  • Applications such as ebay, Spotify are developed in C and Adobe, Oracle is developed in C++.
  • Companies like Hp, Huawei, Wipro are hiring C++ developers.
  • Microsoft Windows or Mac OSX or Linux – all of them are programmed in C++.
  • Infosys Finacle uses C++ as one of the backend programming languages. 

Annual Salary as a C++ developer

  • $114,000 per annum in the US.
  • Rs 5.0 Lacs per annum in India

5.Golang: In-Demand Programming Languages

Go is an open-source programming language that is designed at Google. Go language was developed in 2009 and it is developed by Mr. Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson. They are the most knowledgeable employes of google.

Reasons to learn

  1. Go offers high concurrency and scalability.
  2. Go is an open-source object-oriented language.
  3. The language syntax is easy and programming is very fast.
  4. Go was designed with a very minimalistic approach and is very consistent.
  5. It has a large standard library.

Fields where it is popular

  1. Go language is developed by Google and Go developers are always in demand.
  2. One of the best programming languages to learn machine learning and web development. 
  3. YouTube, SoundCloud, and Netflix chose to fight with high loads on their sites.
  4. Google, Netflix, Uber use Go to achieve high performance.
  5. Golang frameworks such as  Martini, Gin Gonic are used for writing Golang services and web applications.

Annual Salary as Golang developer

  • $170,000 per annum in the US.
  • Rs 6.0 Lacs per annum in India

6. R language: In-Demand Programming Languages

R is a programming language and environment commonly used in statistical computing, data analytics and scientific research. R is a programming language developed by Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman in 1993.

Reasons to learn

  1. R is an open source programming language.
  2. R is Highly Flexible and Evolving.
  3. R is Cross-platform Compatible language.
  4. R Has a Vast and  Vibrant Community 
  5. R has an effective data handling and storage facility.

Fields where it is popular

  1. it provides good scope in web development.
  2. Ford Motor Company does statistical analysis using R.
  3. R is used in the data analytics industry.
  4. Companies such as Facebook, Twitter, Google are always hiring R developers.
  5. R is even used in journalism. In fact, the New York Times uses R for data visualization.

Annual Salary as R developer

  • $121,000 per annum in the US.
  • Rs 5.4 Lacs per annum in India

7. Kotlin

Kotlin  is a cross-platform, statically typed, general-purpose programming language. It was developed by JetBrains in 2011.

Reasons to learn

  1. Kotlin is a general purpose cross platform programming language.
  2. Kotlin is easy, flexible and interoperable.
  3. Code is explained in fewer lines than java.
  4. It is user friendly and the first choice of beginners.
  5. It provides null safety.

Fields where it is popular

  1. Becoming popular in android app development.
  2. Companies like Airtel, Lenskart, Pinterest, basecamp are hiring Kotlin developers.
  3. Kotlin Frameworks such as ktor, vertx, spring are new and in demand.

Annual Salary as Kotlin developer

  • $120,000 per annum in the US.
  • Rs 4.0 Lacs per annum in India

Conclusion: Top programming languages of 2021

I hope you find the right language for learning programming so you can start your journey as a coder. I placed the Python language first because the rate of growth has mostly seen in recent years. It is user-friendly and recommended first if you are a beginner.

Python and Javascript are recommended first. C++ is also one of the most popular languages over the last few decades. R is famous for Data analytics and Java is best known for developing android.

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